Orthodontist Pasadena Los Angeles Inglewood CA

Aligning Teeth and Enhancing Smiles: The Goal of Orthodontics

The Basics of Orthodontics

Orthodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that focuses primarily on diagnosing, preventing, and treating dental and facial irregularities. Often overshadowed by its more general counterparts, orthodontics has played a significant role in ensuring oral health and promoting one’s sense of wellbeing. This subset of dentistry has evolved from its rudimentary beginnings to its modern-day advancements, with innovative technologies and methods continually transforming the orthodontic landscape.

Orthodontists, the professionals practicing orthodontics, typically address a variety of oral and dental complications. These include, but are not limited to, misaligned teeth, overbites, underbites, and overcrowding. The importance of seeking orthodontic treatment extends beyond cosmetic corrections; these procedures can significantly contribute to improved oral health, contributing to better biting and chewing, speech development, and reducing the risk of tooth decay and gum disease.

Orthodontic treatment can be administered at any age, and the decision mainly depends on the nature and severity of the problem. It has been observed that early intervention, particularly during childhood or adolescence, can reduce the complexity of the treatment process. However, it is essential to note that adults too can derive benefits from orthodontic procedures, albeit with the possibility of a lengthier treatment period.

In conclusion, orthodontics has come a long way in terms of technology and treatment methods. From its inception to the present day, it has persisted in providing vital solutions for dental and facial irregularities. Furthermore, advances in this field indicate that orthodontic treatment will continue to evolve, providing better-personalized solutions for a broad range of dental issues. No matter the age, orthodontics offers promising results for those seeking to improve their smiles and oral health.

The Benefits and Goals of Orthodontic Treatment

Enhancing one’s smile and appearance:

One major purpose of orthodontic treatment is to improve the aesthetics of a patient’s smile. This includes straightening misaligned teeth, correcting overbites and underbites, and alleviating overcrowding. The overall appearance of the teeth is improved, often leading to an increase in self-confidence and self-esteem.

Improved oral health:

Orthodontic treatment isn’t just about aesthetics; it’s also about improving oral health. Properly aligned teeth are easier to clean, reducing the risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Misaligned teeth can cause a variety of issues, including an improper bite, which can lead to excessive wear on certain teeth, making them more susceptible to tooth decay. By realigning the teeth, these issues can be addressed, leading to improved oral health.

Jaw pain relief and better overall health:

Misaligned teeth can often cause more severe issues, including jaw pain, headaches, and other discomforts. Orthodontic treatment can alleviate these discomforts by properly aligning the teeth and jaw. This not only improves the patient’s oral health, but also their overall health and wellbeing.

Speech development and function

Properly aligned teeth also play a significant role in speech development. Misaligned teeth can lead to speech impediments, which can be addressed through orthodontic treatment. By correcting these misalignments, orthodontists help support normal speech development, contributing to a patient’s ability to communicate effectively.

In summary:

Orthodontic treatment has a wide range of benefits, including enhancing one’s smile, improving the overall appearance of the teeth, reducing the risk of tooth decay and gum disease, alleviating jaw pain and headaches, promoting proper biting and chewing, and supporting normal speech development. All of these benefits contribute to an improved quality of life for the patient.

Types of Orthodontic Devices

Orthodontists utilize a variety of orthodontic devices to help patients achieve straighter teeth and an improved bite. These devices can be broadly classified as either removable or fixed, and they consist of numerous options to suit individual needs and preferences. In this section, we will explore the most common orthodontic devices and provide a comparison of their advantages, disadvantages, cost, and effectiveness.

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Traditional Metal Braces

Traditional metal braces consist of metal brackets and wires that are cemented onto the teeth. These brackets are connected by a flexible wire, which is periodically adjusted by the orthodontist to ensure proper tooth movement.

  • Advantages: Effective for even severe orthodontic issues, relatively low cost, and widely available.
  • Disadvantages: More noticeable than other options, can cause irritation to the gums and inner cheeks, require more maintenance.

Ceramic Braces

Ceramic braces are similar to traditional metal braces in design but utilize tooth-colored ceramic brackets and wires for a more discreet appearance. However, they are slightly more expensive than their metal counterparts.

  • Advantages: More discreet than traditional braces, effective for moderate to severe orthodontic issues.
  • Disadvantages: Brackets are more prone to staining, may require more maintenance, and can be more expensive than metal braces.

Lingual Braces

These braces are worn on the back surfaces of the teeth, making them virtually invisible. However, they can be more difficult to adjust and clean, and may cause speech difficulties in some individuals.

  • Advantages: Nearly invisible, effective for various orthodontic issues.
  • Disadvantages: More costly than other options, can cause speech difficulty, and might be more difficult to clean.


Invisalign treatment utilizes a series of clear, removable aligners to gradually shift teeth into their desired positions. The aligners are custom-made for each patient and replaced every 1-2 weeks to keep up with tooth movement.

  • Advantages: Virtually invisible, removable for eating and cleaning, and often take less time for treatment completion.
  • Disadvantages: More costly, may not be as effective for severe orthodontic issues, and relies on patient compliance for frequent wear.


Retainers are removable or fixed devices that are worn after the completion of orthodontic treatment. They help maintain the corrected teeth position and prevent relapse. Retainers can be categorized as removable (a clear or wire appliance that fits over the teeth) or fixed (a small wire glued to the back of the teeth behind the front teeth).

  • Advantages: Removable option is discreet and allows proper cleaning; fixed option provides around-the-clock support for tooth stability.
  • Disadvantages: Require regular checks for proper fit and alteration, can affect speech if poorly fitted, or can be more difficult to clean if they are fixed.

Factors to Consider When Choosing an Orthodontic Device

Your orthodontist will consider factors such as, the severity of your orthodontic problem, your cosmetic preferences, your lifestyle, and your budget when recommending a suitable orthodontic device. Research and consultation with an experienced orthodontist will be the best approach to finding the right treatment for your needs. Be sure to discuss all your concerns and questions with your orthodontist to come to an informed decision about the orthodontic treatment that is best suited for you.

The Orthodontic Treatment Process

Receiving orthodontic treatment typically involves several steps, starting with an initial consultation and diagnosis and continuing through to the removal of braces or other devices and the retention phase. Here’s an overview of what to expect:

Initial Consultation and Diagnosis

The first step in the orthodontic treatment process is scheduling an initial consultation with an orthodontist. During this visit, the orthodontist will examine your teeth, gum health, and bite, and discuss any concerns or treatment goals you may have. In some cases, diagnostic records such as X-rays, photos, and dental impressions may be taken to aid in diagnosis and treatment planning. The orthodontist will then determine whether orthodontic treatment is necessary and, if so, the appropriate course of action.

Customizing Treatment Plan

Once the orthodontist has assessed your needs, they will work with you to develop a treatment plan that suits your specific needs and goals. This plan will factor in the severity of your condition, your age, and your personal preferences, as well as budget considerations.

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Receiving the Orthodontic Device

After the treatment plan has been finalized, the actual orthodontic devices, such as braces or Invisalign, will be attached or fitted to your teeth. This appointment often takes place a few weeks after the initial consultation, to allow time for the necessary preparations.

Monitoring Progress

Once orthodontic treatment has begun, regular check-ups will be scheduled to monitor your progress and make any necessary adjustments to your orthodontic devices. The frequency of these appointments will depend on the type of device and severity of your condition, but typically range from every few weeks to every few months.

Coping with Discomfort

Some patients may experience mild discomfort or pain as their teeth shift during orthodontic treatment, particularly following adjustments or when a new device is fitted. To minimize discomfort, over-the-counter pain relievers can be taken as needed, and orthodontic wax can be used to cushion sharp or protruding parts of the device.

Length of Treatment

The timeline for orthodontic treatment varies greatly depending on factors such as the severity of the patient’s condition, the type of device being used, and the patient’s own natural rate of tooth movement. In general, treatment may take anywhere from a year to several years to complete.

Post-Orthodontic Treatment and Retention

Once active orthodontic treatment is complete and your teeth have achieved their proper alignment, a retention phase will follow. This often involves the placement of permanent or removable retainers to help keep your teeth in their corrected position and prevent relapse. Regular follow-up appointments will be scheduled to monitor progress and make any necessary adjustments to your retainer.

In summary, undergoing orthodontic treatment involves several steps, from initial consultation and diagnosis through to monitoring progress, coping with discomfort, and maintaining your teeth’s alignment following treatment. By understanding the process, you can feel more confident about embarking on your orthodontic journey.

Orthodontic Complications and Side Effects

As with any medical treatment or procedure, there are potential orthodontic complications and side effects to be aware of. Even though the primary goal of orthodontic treatment is to improve oral and overall health, sometimes unintended consequences can occur. Understanding these potential issues can help patients prepare for orthodontic treatment and take steps to mitigate any adverse effects.

Common Side Effects

Orthodontic treatment can cause some temporary discomfort and side effects, including the following:

  • Soreness and discomfort due to teeth movement
  • Minor speech impediments or lisping
  • Possible tooth discoloration
  • Temporary difficulties in eating or chewing

Potential Complications

Complications related to orthodontic treatment are relatively rare, but it is still essential to be aware of them. Proper oral hygiene practices and regular dental check-ups can significantly reduce the risk of these complications, but it is still crucial to consider them when embarking on orthodontic treatment. Some of these potential complications include:

  • Increased risk of tooth decay and gum disease
  • Mouth ulcers, or canker sores, related to irritation from orthodontic devices
  • Damage to teeth, gums, or orthodontic devices through poor oral hygiene or consumption of inappropriate foods
  • Root resorption, a condition in which the root of a tooth becomes shorter as a result of orthodontic treatment

Importance of Oral Hygiene

Maintaining an excellent oral hygiene routine is crucial during orthodontic treatment. This includes brushing teeth thoroughly at least twice daily, flossing daily, and attending regular dental check-ups. Poor oral hygiene can increase the risk of tooth decay and gum disease, potentially leading to additional dental issues.

Dietary Considerations

To protect both your teeth and orthodontic devices, it is essential to follow any dietary restrictions recommended by your orthodontist. Hard, sticky, or chewy foods can cause damage to braces or other orthodontic devices, resulting in longer treatment times or additional complications. Your orthodontist may advise avoiding certain foods and taking extra precautions when eating others. These might include:

  • Sticky candies or caramel
  • Nuts or popcorn
  • Crunchy fruits and vegetables (e.g., apples and carrots) that should be cut into smaller pieces before eating

By understanding and addressing these potential complications and side effects of orthodontic treatment, patients can better prepare themselves for the journey to a healthier, more aligned smile.

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Post-Orthodontic Treatment and Retention

The retention phase is a critical period following the completion of active orthodontic treatment. It is during this time that the teeth and surrounding bone need to be stabilized to maintain the results achieved through orthodontic care. This phase usually lasts for an extended period and requires the use of retainers to prevent the teeth from relapsing back to their original positions.

Types of Retainers

There are two primary types of retainers commonly used in orthodontic retention: fixed and removable retainers.

Fixed Retainers Removable Retainers
Consists of a thin wire bonded to the back surfaces of the teeth Can be taken out by the wearer and resembles Invisalign-like trays or clear plastic strips
Invisible when speaking or smiling Can be more noticeable than fixed retainers
Requires minimal effort to maintain, as they stay in place Requires diligent use and care
Cannot be removed for eating or drinking, so may cause food accumulation Must be removed before eating or drinking, reducing the risk of food accumulation

Importance of Retainer Use

Patients are often provided with a permanent retainer or removable retainers and advised on how often to wear them. It is essential to follow these guidelines, as neglecting to wear the retainer as instructed can quickly lead to tooth movement and recurring orthodontic issues.

According to the American Association of Orthodontists (AAO), retainers are necessary because the teeth can continue to move for years after the completion of orthodontic treatment. During this time, the bones and tissues around the teeth are still adjusting to the new positions, making the teeth more likely to shift.

Reducing the Relapse Risk

To minimize the risk of teeth shifting back to their pre-treatment positions, it is important to:

  • Wear the retainers as advised by the orthodontist, whether it be full-time, nighttime-only, or on a part-time basis
  • Attend follow-up appointments with the orthodontist to monitor the teeth’s progress and make adjustments as needed
  • Maintain good oral hygiene to prevent plaque and tartar buildup around the retainer and gums

Post-Retention: A Lifelong Commitment to Teeth Positioning

Realistically, maintaining the results of orthodontic treatment requires lifelong attention to retainer use and regular check-ups. Patients may gradually decrease their retainer usage over time, but should still expect to wear them regularly for years to come while understanding that it is a small price to pay for a lifetime of beautifully aligned teeth.

In conclusion, the retention phase plays a crucial role in consolidating the gains achieved through orthodontic treatment. By adhering to the guidelines provided by the orthodontist, patients can ensure that their investment in orthodontic care continues to pay off through maintaining a healthy, beautiful smile for years to come.

Finding the Right Orthodontist

The journey to achieving a healthy, beautiful smile starts with finding the perfect orthodontist. This crucial decision can affect the outcome of your orthodontic treatment and your overall satisfaction with the process. Here, we provide tips and advice on how to find the right orthodontist for you.

Requesting Referrals

One of the best starting points for finding a reputable orthodontist is by asking for referrals from family, friends, or even your primary dentist. Reach out to people you trust and gather information on their experiences with particular orthodontists. This can give you valuable insights and a clearer idea of the quality of care and expertise provided.

“A good orthodontist should be able to provide you with the quality of care you expect. Referrals from trustworthy sources can help guide your choice towards the best orthodontist.”

Researching Education and Credentials

An orthodontist’s educational background and board certification can provide you with confidence and assurance that you are in good hands. Be sure to research your chosen orthodontist’s certifications, education, and experience. Look for information on their specialized orthodontic training, residency, licenses, and associations with professional organizations.

Assessing Reputation

The orthodontist’s reputation can significantly affect the quality and outcome of your orthodontic treatment. Take time to research the orthodontist’s track record of successful outcomes by reading testimonials, reviews, and case studies on their website or other online platforms.

Remember to choose an orthodontist with a good reputation in the dental community, as this will ensure you are receiving the best possible care from a well-respected professional.

Scheduling a Consultation

After narrowing down your options, schedule a consultation with your prospective orthodontist. During this initial appointment, you’ll have the opportunity to ask questions, share your concerns and expectations, and get to know the orthodontist and their team better.

Final Thoughts

Selecting the right orthodontist is a critical step in attaining the smile of your dreams. By carefully researching and considering various factors, you can be confident that your orthodontic journey will result in a beautiful, healthy smile. Remember, investing time and effort into finding the perfect orthodontist will lead to long-lasting benefits, both aesthetically and for your overall oral health.

Category: Orthodontics